Elaine Lynn-Ee Ho is Associate Professor at the Department of Geography and Senior Research Fellow at the Asia Research Institute (ARI), National University of Singapore. She is also currently Assistant Dean (FASS Research Division) and she chairs the faculty-level FASS Migration Cluster. Her research addresses how citizenship is changing as a result of multi-directional migration flows in the Asia-Pacific. She is author of Citizens in Motion: Emigration, Immigration and Re-migration Across China's Borders (2019, Stanford University Press). The monograph conceptualises the spatial complexity and temporal co-evalness of migration, and further advances theorisation of co-ethnic and inter-ethnic relations. She has published widely on diaspora engagement and is now extending her research to two new domains: (1) transnational ageing and care in the Asia-Pacific, and (2) internal displacement at the China-Myanmar border, focusing on border im/mobilities, diaspora action and transnational aid. Elaine is Editor of Social and Cultural Geography; Section Editor of the 2nd edition of the International Encyclopedia of Human Geography; and serves on the editorial boards of Citizenship Studies; Emotions, Society and Space; and Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography.
PhD University College London
B.Soc.Sc. (Hons) National University of Singapore
Lecturer in Human Geography, University of Leeds
UBC Postdoctoral Research and Teaching Fellow, University of British Columbia
ESRC Postdoctoral Fellow, Royal Holloway, University of London
Visiting Fellow, National University of Singapore
GE2206 Geographies of Life and Death
GE6222 Transnationalism and Space: Comparative Perspectives
GEK2001/SSA2202 Changing Landscapes of Singapore
(1) Transnational Relations, Ageing and Care Ethics (TRACE)
Ministry of Education (Singapore) Tier 2 grant, since 2018
Our research considers care circulations with a focus on how transnational relations, ageing and care ethics (TRACE) extend across national borders. We investigate how global care circulations mediate experiences of ageing and what this means for transnational relations and care ethics. Increasingly, older adults are moving across national borders to provide care or to receive care; also participating in such care circulations are younger transnational migrants who are family members of those older adults or who have been employed to care for older adults. The TRACE project considers three interrelated aspects of care circulation: (1) grandparenting migration; (2) caring for the aged and the left-behind care chains of foreign carers; and (3) retirement migration. The project focuses on Singapore as a hub where the logics of care mediate migration inflows and outflows, connecting the country to regional sites of care such as Myanmar and China, which we have identified for study. Our project also sets Singapore in international comparative perspective with Australia, which experiences similar care-mediated migration trends that connect the country to China. This project thus considers regional care connections as well as international comparisons of ageing and care. We combine qualitative research methods with GIS analysis and visualisation to spatially depict and deepen understanding of ageing. Our mixed methods approach enables the project to integrate analyses of micro-mobility and macro-mobility, developing a grounded understanding of care relations that is useful for (re)conceptualising care ethics in transnational contexts
Investigators: Elaine Lynn-Ee Ho, Shirlena Huang, Thang Leng Leng and Brenda Yeoh
(2) Forced migration in/of Asia: Geographies of humanitarianism
Ministry of Education (Singapore) Tier 1 grant, since 2017
The drivers, processes and outcomes of South-South displacement demand policy and academic attention that will address the blind spots of the international refugee regime, which originated and evolved from the concerns of Global North countries towards refugee flows and resettlement. This project situates displacement at the China-Myanmar border in the wider context of forced migration histories and current trends in Asia. The project considers in particular the case of internal displacement at the China-Myanmar border, focusing on border im/mobilities, diaspora action and transnational aid. The project deepens conceptualisation of the solidarity processes that extend across national borders to bridge people of different social positionings.
Ho, E.L.E. and McConnell, F.M. (in-press) ‘Conceptualising ‘diaspora diplomacy’: Territory and populations betwixt the domestic and foreign’, Progress in Human Geography, Online First https://doi.org/10.1177/0309132517740217
Ho, E.L.E. and Robinson, C. (2018) 'Introduction: Forced migration in/of Asia', Journal of Refugee Studies, 31(3), 262-273 [Open access at https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/fey041]
Ho, E.L.E. (2018) 'Interfaces and the politics of humanitarianism: Kachin internal displacement at the China-Myanmar border', Journal of Refugee Studies, 31(3), 407-42 [Open access at https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/fey017]
Ho, E.L.E. (2017) 'Mobilising affinity ties: Kachin internal displacement and the geographies of humanitarianism at the China-Myanmar border', Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 42, 84–97 [Open access at https://doi.org/10.1111/tran.12148]
(3) "Contemporaneous migration": conceptualising multidirectional migration routes
This research agenda brings together analyses of multidirectional migration routes as they converge in a national territory or forge interconnections across global space. It departs from conventional approaches that study migration sites in isolation or as snapshots in time. Contemporaneous migration directs us toward examining how temporal periodisation structures migration and the citizenship constellations that are forged across migration sites, shaping the lives of citizens in motion. My earlier research considered the global connections that bridge China with immigrant-receiving societies such as Singapore and Canada, as well as China's own transformation from an emigrant to immigrant-receiving society. I am keen to explore how the multidirectionality of migration can be analysed in a variety of research contexts to extend conceptualisations of citizenship and territory, ethnicity, and the co-constitution of time and space.
Ho, E.L.E. (2019) Citizens in Motion: Emigration, Immigration and Re-migration Across China's Borders, CA: Stanford University Press.
Ho, E.L.E. (2018) ‘African student migrants in China: Negotiating the global geographies of power through gastronomic practices and culture’, Food, Culture and Society, 21(1), 9-24.
Ho, E.L.E. and Foo, F.Y. (2017) 'Debating integration in Singapore, deepening variegations of the Chinese diaspora', in Min Zhou (ed.) Contemporary Chinese Diasporas, Springer, pp. 105-125.
Ho, E.L.E. (2016) 'Incongruent migration categorisations and competing citizenship claims: ‘return’ and hypermigration in transnational migration circuits', Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 42(14), 2379-2394.
Ho, E.L.E. (2016) ‘The geo-social and global geographies of power: Urban aspirations of ‘worlding’ African students in China’, Geopolitics, 22(1), 15-33.
Ho, E.L.E. (2016) 'Diaspora engagement and the evolving politics of return migration in China', in R. Iredale and Fei, G. (eds.) The Handbook on MIgration and Identity within China and Overseas, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp. 199-214.
Chinese diaspora and transnationalism
Urban aspirations of new immigrants in China
Asian forced migration and citizenship
China-Myanmar borderland migrations
Ageing and transnationalism in the Asia-Pacific
ARTICLES IN JOURNAL
EDITORIAL WORK ON BOOKS
EDITORIAL WORK ON JOURNALS
CHAPTERS IN BOOKS
SELECTED ACADEMIC AWARDS
Ministry of Education (Singapore) Tier 2 Academic Research Grant (PI; Co-PIs Shirlena Huang, Thang Leng Leng and Brenda Yeoh) 'Transnational Relations, Ageing and Care Ethics (TRACE)', since 2018.
Ministry of Education (Singapore) Tier 1 Academic Research Grant (PI) Geographies of humanitarianism at the China-Myanmar border', since 2017.
Workshop grant (with Cabeiri Robinson) 'Forced Migration in/of Asia: Connections, Convergences, Comparisons', InterAsian Connections Conference V, 27-30 April 2015, Seoul, awarded by the Social Science Research Council (US)
Ministry of Education (Singapore) Tier 2 Academic Research Grant (Collaborator; PI Tim Bunnell) ‘Urban Aspirations and the Remaking of Asian Cities’, 2013-2016
Workshop grant (with Glen Peterson and Laura Madokoro) ‘Global displacements and emplacements: the forced exile and resettlement experiences of ethnic Chinese refugees’, 17-18 October 2012, Singapore, awarded by the Social Science and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) Canada and the National University of Singapore (MoE) Tier 1 Grant
Workshop grant (with Brenda Yeoh and Maureen Hickey) ‘The “diaspora strategies” of migrant-sending countries: migration-as-development reinvented?’, 5-6th November 2012, Singapore, awarded by the Asia Research Institute (ARI) Migration Cluster
Research Grant (with David Ley), Metropolis British Columbia and the Asia Pacific Foundation, 2008-2010
Postdoctoral Research and Teaching Fellowship, University of British Columbia, 2008-2010
Postdoctoral Fellowship, Economic and Social Science Research Council (ESRC UK), 2007-2008
PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES AND AFFILIATIONS
Journal editor, Social and Cultural Geography, since 2019
Section Editor, 2nd edition of International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, since 2017
Senior Research Fellow (joint appointment with Geography), Asia Research Institute, since 2016
Chair, NUS FASS Migration Cluster, since 2016
International member of the ESRC Peer Review College (UK), since 2015
Editorial board member, Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, since 2015
Editorial board member, Citizenship Studies, since 2014
Editorial board member, Emotions, Society and Space, since 2014
Senior Researcher, Metropolis British Columbia, 2008–2012
Treasurer, Social and Cultural Geography Research Group, Royal Geographical Society-Institute of British Geographer, 2010 – 2011
SELECTED USER ENGAGEMENT
ChannelNews Asia report on 'Hiring untrained maids to take care of frail, sick elderly may not be safe or sustainable: Experts', April 2019.
Young China Watcher interview on 'Citizens in motion: Emigration, immigration and re-migration across China's borders', March 2019.
TodayOnline report on 'Study makes 19 recommendations to help more people age well in the community', August 2018.
The Straits Times report on 'Concerns over lack of regulation of home-care sector', August 2018.
Commentary for China Policy Institute on 'African students in China: the intersection of educational and trading-led migration', March 2018.
LA Times interview on 'China once welcomed refugees', 18 October 2017
The Straits Times interview on 'Is Singapore ready for dual citizenship?' and '60 years of the Singapore citizenship', 8 October 2017
Today interview on 'Debate over CMIO model as diversity grows', 9 August 2017
Channel News Asia interview on 'Migration and the Asian Workforce', in Perspectives, 23 September 2015
Channel News Asia interview on 'Global investor migrants', in Between the Lines, 4 November, 2014
Channel Eight interview on the Singapore diaspora [Mandarin], in Frontline, 2 November 2013
Channel NewsAsia Panel Discussion on 'Citizenship in a globalised world', in Perspectives, 24 February 2013
Newspaper interview, ‘Cong Xinjiapo dao Shanghai, Shanghai dao Xinjiapo’ [From Singapore to Shanghai and back]’, Lianhe Zaobao, 28 August 2012
Radio interview, ‘Canada Day and Mainland Chinese return migration’, CBC The Early Edition, 2 July 2010
Newspaper interview, ‘Huiliu huayi kong hukou bu bao’, Sing Tao Daily (Vancouver), 10 June 2010
Newspaper commentary, ‘Adapt citizenship to new needs’, The Straits Times, 14 June 2008